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Analysis | Technical Guidance & Review

Analysis | Technical Guidance & Review

2 posts in this category

The Free Edge Effect

The free edge effect is an inter-galactic phenomenon found on the outer reaches of the cosmos that leads to a parallel…well…no, not exactly. What I’m referring to is a region within a laminate that produces a fully three-dimensional stress field at the free edge, then decays quite rapidly to a two-dimensional stress field as the distance from the free edge increases. The three-dimensional stress field is responsible for delamination at a free edge, and is commonly referred to as inter-laminar stresses. A composite analysis is typically confined to classical lamination theory. Unfortunately, this assumes that all out-of-plane stresses are zero, making the determination of transverse stresses impossible. Consequently, this assumption is not valid when one is interested in calculating out-of-plane stresses in regions near or at a free edge. 

stress  Poisson  notch  inter-laminar  free edge  cutout

2018-07-05 22:34:25

Quasi-Isotropy | Wait...what is that?

Quasi-Isotropy…wait…what is that?

What is it you ask…well, this is one of my favorite meals. A large quasi-isotropy with a side of fries and coke. LOL…but of course is isn’t…actually, this is a laminate that when constructed correctly emulates a metallic material that follows the isotropic relationship defined as: Ex= Ey = Eθ. Quantitatively this can be described using a general rule for a quasi-isotropic layup. Simply apply the following equation that defines the angle between the plies for a symmetric laminate having an identical number of plies at each orientation:

Equation: π/n → n≥3

stiffness  quasi  matrix  laminate  isotropy  composite

2018-01-07 07:24:15
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