Technical Articles and Engineering Guidance

Engineering guidance for the contemporary engineer. Technical articles that can be leveraged by the practicing engineer at work to facilitate or enhance design and analysis endeavors.

Design | Technical Guidance & Review

Design | Technical Guidance & Review

2 posts in this category

Got Shear Lock?

Funny…I was at the barber the other day and he kept complaining about his shears locking up…pesky scissors keep jamming on me he said! Well…obviously this is nothing but banal witticism, because that’s surely not what this article is about. I draw your attention to an experience I had regarding a fabric drapeability study that I performed inorder to evaluate fabric compliance over non-developable tool geometry…huh…bear with me. First the basics, when draping a composite fabric (or tape) over a tool, particularly a tool with compound curvatures, it is incumbent upon the designer to check for wrinkling and/or bridging in the fabric; especially near a radius or doubly curved surfaces. Fabric distortions of this type are clearly undesirable, and often yield poor laminate performance in terms of stiffness and lower than expected margins.  

shear-lock  fabric  draping

2018-05-14 05:59:35
 

Are you Balanced or Unbalanced?

So how do we know that we have an unbalanced laminate in the first place? Moreover, if you end up with an unbalanced layup, what are the implications? Good questions to have answers to before signing-off on that laminate design.

Firstly, a perfunctory definition is in order regarding a balanced laminate. A designer will need to ensure that for every -α ply there is a +α ply (with the same material and thickness) somewhere within stacking sequence irrespective of location. Examples of balanced laminates are: [0/30/-30/0] or [45/-45/0/0]. An unbalanced laminate is: [0/30/30/0]...notice that the negative 30-degree ply is no longer present. Now maybe you desire an unbalanced laminate or maybe it’s simply unavoidable but in a majority of design cases this layup scheme should be avoided at all costs. Why? Well, perhaps you have already surmised, this layup scheme has adverse implications, one of them significant…the often dreaded and undesirable in-plane extension-shear coupling.

unbalanced  shear  plate  laminate  extension  coupling  balanced

2017-10-15 22:08:48